After World War II, Halle served as the capital of the short-lived administrative region of Saxony-Anhalt until 1952, when the East German government abolished its "Länder" (states).
Together with Leipzig, Halle is at the heart of the Central German Metropolitan Region.Old documents are on display and a chocolate room can be visited.Within East Germany, Halle's chemical industry, now mainly shut down, was of great importance.It killed over 1,000 inhabitants and destroyed 3,600 buildings. George Church, the Old Town Hall, the City Theatre, historic buildings on Bruederstrasse and on Grosse Steinstrasse, and the city cemetery. However, the city was spared further damage because an aerial bombardment was canceled, after former naval officer Felix von Luckner negotiated the city's surrender to the American army.On 17 April 1945, American soldiers occupied Halle, and the red tower was set on fire by artillery and destroyed. In July, the Americans withdrew and the city was occupied by the Red Army.
Near the end of World War II, there were two bombing raids carried out against the town: the first on 31 March 1945, the second a few days later.The first attack took place between the railway station and the city's centre, and the second bombing was in the southern district.Halle's early history is connected with harvesting of salt. It became a part of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg in the 10th century and remained so until 1680, when Brandenburg-Prussia annexed it together with Magdeburg as the Duchy of Magdeburg, while it was also an important location for Martin Luther's Reformation with Albert of Mainz as his ecclesiastic counterpart. Hechingen singles The name Halle reflects early Celtic settlement given that halen is the Brythonic (Welsh/Breton) word for salt (cf. The name of the river Saale also contains the Germanic root for salt, and salt-harvesting has taken place in Halle at least since the Bronze Age (2300–600 BC). According to historic documents, the city of Halle has been a member of the Hanseatic League at least since 1281.The Franckesche Stiftungen (Francke Foundations) are home to the Stadtsingechor zu Halle The University of Halle was founded here in 1694.
It is now combined with the University of Wittenberg and called the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg.
In 1815, Halle became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony.
During World War II, KZ-Außenlager Birkhahn, a subcamp of Buchenwald was in Halle, where prisoners from Poland, Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union, France, Netherlands and other nations produced mustard gas.
Halle was a center for Pietism, a movement encouraged by Frederick William I because it caused the area's large Lutheran population to be more inclined to Fredrick William I's religion (Calvinism), as well as more loyal to the Prussian king instead of the decentralized feudal system.
By the 1740s, Halle had established many orphanages as well as schools for the wealthy in the sober style Pietism encouraged.